Name: Quijada De Burro.
Type: Idiophones > Percussion > Scrapers.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 112.211
Specimen: 1 in collection.
Country: Cuba & Veracruz and Oaxaca, Mexico.
Region: Caribbean & Central America.
Acquisition Source: “The Market” just outside the Vancouver Folk Festival.
Description: The quijada [pronounced; qui-ada] charrasca or jawbone [in English] it is an idiophone percussion instrument made from the jawbone of a donkey, horse or mule cattle. It is used in music in most of Central America from Mexico to Peru, El Salvador, Ecuador and Cuba.
Playing Techniques: The quijada is held by the left hand of the musician while being struck by the right hand. It can also be scrapped with a scrapper against the teeth in a similar manner to the guiro.
Construction: The jawbone is cleaned of tissue and dried to make the teeth loose and act as a rattle. Usually these instruments are plain.