Trumpets & Horns

 

Trumpets & Horns / Hornbostel-Sachs No#:
Number Type Classification Instrument

423.11 Conches – A conch shell serves as trumpet.
423.111 End-blown.
423.111.1 Without mouthpiece.
423.111.2 With mouthpiece.
423.112 Side-blown.
423.12 Tubular trumpets.
423.121 End-blown trumpets – The mouth-hole faces the axis of the trumpet.

423.122 Side blown trumpets.
423.21 Keyed trumpets – Ophicleide.
423.22 Slide trumpets – Trombone.
423.23 Valved trumpets – French horn, euphonium, baritone horn, trumpet, and tuba.

423.2 Chromatic trumpets – The pitch of the instrument can be altered mechanically

423.122 Side blown trumpets.
423.21 Keyed trumpets – Ophicleide.
423.22 Slide trumpets – Trombone.
423.23 Valved trumpets – French horn, euphonium, baritone horn, trumpet, and tuba.

423.231 Conical bore
423.232 Semi-conical bore
423.233 Cylindrical bore

423 ~ Trumpets

The player’s vibrating lips set the air in motion.

423.1 Natural trumpets – There are no means of changing the pitch apart from the player’s lips.

a) Natural trumpet

423.11 Conches – A conch shell serves as trumpet.

423.111 End-blown.

423.111.1 Without mouthpiece ~ Conch shell [if played like a trumpet].
423.111.2 With mouthpiece.

423.112 Side-blown.

423.12 Tubular trumpets.

423.121 End-blown trumpets – The mouth-hole faces the axis of the trumpet.

423.121.1 End-blown straight trumpets – The tube is neither curved nor folded.

423.121.11 Without mouthpiece.

423.121.12 With mouthpiece [Didgeridoo].

423.121.2 End-blown horns – The tube is curved or folded [Trembita].
423.121.21 Without mouthpiece [shofar].

423.121.22 With mouthpiece.

Alphorn
Bugle
Lur
Natural horn
Vuvuzela

423.122 Side blown trumpets.

423.2 Chromatic trumpets – The pitch of the instrument can be altered mechanically

423.21 Keyed trumpets

Cornett [or Cornetto]
Serpent

b) 423.22 Slide trumpets

Bazooka
Sackbut
Trombone

423.23 Valved trumpets

423.231 Conical bore

423.232 Semi-conical bore

Cornet
Euphonium
Flugelhorn
Helicon
Horn
Mellophone
Sousaphone
Tenor Horn / Alto horn [same instrument]
Tuba
Wagner tuba

c) 423.233 Cylindrical bore

Baritone horn
Trumpet

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