Name: Cimpoi.
Type: Bagpipe > Aerophone.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 422.112
Country: Romania & Moldavia.
Region: Eastern Europe.

Description: The Cimpoi has a single drone called a bazoi or bizoi [meaning “buzzer” in Romanian]. A straight bore chanter called a caraba [meaning “whistle” in Romanian].

The bagpipe can be found in most of Romania apart from the central, northern and eastern parts of Transylvania, but at present [the early 21st century] is only played by a few elderly people. It is on the road to extinction, and there are only two makers left who know to make it in the traditional manner.

Construction: The chanter often has five to eight finger holes, and is sometimes curved at the end. There are two types of cimpoi, one with a single drone and one with two. The bag burduf is made of a whole lamb or goat skin and, depending on the region, is made either with the fur in or out. It is sometimes covered with embroidered cloth.


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