Name: Yali Tanbur.
Type: Lute > Chordophones.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 321.322.6
Region: Mediterranean & Middle East.
Description: The yaylı tambur is a bowed long-neck lute from Turkey. Derived from the older tanbur. It has a long, fretted neck and a round metal or wooden soundbox which is often covered on the front with a skin or acrylic head similar to that of a banjo.
Playing Techniques: The instrument is held vertically, with the soundbox resting in the player’s lap or between the calves. The bow is grasped sideways, with the ring and middle fingers pressing on the bow. While the thumb and index fingers hold the rightmost wooden edge of the bow. The leftmost strings of the instrument unite into a single course to form a doubled-string which is tuned to a unison that is lifted slightly from the bridge. This is where all melodic playing takes place.
The rest are sympathetic strings numbering from 4 to 6 which are tuned to the octave, fifth and/or fourth of the main doubled-string. Dr. Ozan Yarman has proposed an alternate 24-tone tuning and fretting for the tanbur that he has applied to his own instrument, which replaces the Arel-Ezgi-Uzdilek tone-system in use for Turkish Art music while also relying on the same array of accustomed microtonal accidentals to notate.
Citations: http://www.tdk.gov.tr/index.php?option=com_gts&arama=gts&guid=TDK.GTS.53b7b5460e30d8.75129922 Martin Stokes [1 October 2010]. The Republic of Love: Cultural Intimacy in Turkish Popular Music. University of Chicago Press. pp. 170–. ISBN 978-0-226-77506-7. Retrieved 9 June 2012. Ozan Yarman (25 April 2010). Arel-Ezgi-Uzdilek Sistemine Alternatif, 24-Sesli, Islah Edilmiş Ortaton Temperamanı Temelli Ve Basit Oranlı Bir Düzen (PDF). ARTES Yayınları. pp. 64–99. ISBN 978-605-5664-05-3. Retrieved 4 January 2013.