Type: Bowed > Chordophones.
Family: 胡琴 Huqin.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 321.312.7
Pa-Yin: Silk 絲.
Tuning: A E or G D.
Region: Far East Asia.
Description: The zhonghu [in Chinese; 中胡, pinyin: zhōnghú] is a low-pitched Chinese bowed string instrument. Together with the erhu and gaohu, it is a member of the huqin family. It was developed in the 1940s as the alto member of the huqin family (similar in range to the European viola) to increase the pitch range of the instruments used in a Chinese orchestra. The zhonghu is analogous with the erhu, but is slightly larger and lower pitched. Its body is covered on the playing end with snakeskin.
Tuning: The instrument has two strings, which are generally tuned to the interval of a fifth to A and E or to G and D [this latter tuning equivalent to the violin’s lowest two strings].
Citations: Tsui Yingfang [archived from 14 May 2014]. The Concise Garland Encyclopedia of World Music, Volume 2. Routledge. p. 1119. ISBN 9781136095948