Name: Erxian.
Type: Spike-Fiddle > Chordophones.
Family: Huqin.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 321.313.4
Pa Yin: Silk.
Country: China.
Geography: Far East Asia.

Description: The erxian is a bowed instrument a member of the huqin family that has its origins from the Tang Dynasty, is only popular in Fujian and Guangdong, Guangdong for music, stringed Chaozhou, Chaozhou drum, South Fujian Music. It has a long history and a unique shape. The Fujian two strings popular in the areas of southern Fujian and western Yunnan are used for performances such as “Nan Yin”, “Cage Blow”, “Bai Le”, “Ten Class” and “Golden Song”.

History: In the early Guangdong music, the two-string is the leading instrument, also known as the “head string”, and it is also the leading instrument of the Chaozhou silk string in Chaozhou music. It is also used in the Chaozhou drum ensembles. which is unique to the same type of stringed instrument. Fujian Nanyin was an ancient music that was handed down from the Tang Dynasty. Kaiyuan Temple in Quanzhou, Fujian Province formerly built in the Tang Dynasty, rebuilt in the Ming Dynast Ziyun Temple Dou Gong Le 伎 wood carving has a of a flying Erxian image.

The two-string structure used by Guangdong Music and the Nanxian of Fujian are different. The erxian in Guangdong music is wooden, the piano is bamboo, the front end is thick and thick, the back end is empty, the strings are thicker, the bow is longer, the pronunciation is rough, and the sound is sand, which is the “five heads” of Guangdong music. one. The tyrannical accompaniment is also commonly used in the Cantonese drama. 

Playing Techniques: Playing the Nanyin erxian, the right hand needs to flexibly grasp the bow. And the outer string is only allowed to push the bow, the inner string is all used to pull the bow, the pronunciation is weak, simple and elegant.

Construction: The erxian in Fujian Nanyin is made of bamboo and decorated with bamboo roots as the head. The barrel is hollowed out from the whole piece of wood. Paulownia wood is used as the sound board. The tube is open and the string shaft is made of hardwood. The installation orientation is opposite to that of the erhu string shaft. It is mounted on the right side of the pole. The bow is made of bamboo poles with a ponytail, but the horsetail is relatively soft.


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