Type: Single Reed > Clarinet > Aerophone.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 422.211.2
Region: South Asia.
Description: the Pungi [Pungi, Ponga or Pongi], a common South Asian name for a single reed, double pipe clarinet that is found through out India and most of South Asia. Through out the Indian subcontinent the term pungi means tube or pipe in modern North Indian languages. This term is applied to two categories of aerophones, a single reed double pipe clarinet being associated with ‘snake charmers’.
Construction: In general the pungi consists of two single reed pipes tied together with thread and supported by melted wax to hold it together when placed into a gourd, A lathed wooden mouth piece drilled from soft wood is is added onto the top of the gourd completing the assembly. The pipes them selves are analogous to their Middle Eastern counterparts Egyptian midjwe and arghul. The pipes are held together by a bees wax-soot mix that is mixed and kept warm by heat. The wax hardens over time and keeps the pipes firmly in place. Single reeds carved from the pipes them selves are cut and scraped.