Type: Membranophones > Cylindrical > Drums > Single.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 211
Region: West Africa.
Description: The Aburukuwa [or Abrukwa] is an open drum of the Akan people and the Asante people of Ghana. Being the highest pitched drum played by the Akan people. It is bottle-shaped with its skin is held on by pegs. It is usually played with curved sticks. Its sound resembles the birdsong of a bird of the same name.
The Aburukuwa is the smallest of the three drums used by the Asante people during rituals and ceremonies. The Aburukuwa and its sister drums, the Kwadum and the Apentemma, were typically covered by red and black felt to represent death and blood. Although the drums have become associated with funerals and ancestor worship, they were also used during wartime.
Citations: Bibliography: Nketia, J. H. Kwabena 1974 ; The Music of Africa [First ed.] New York: W. W. Norton. p. 254. ISBN 0393021777 ;