Name: Renaissance Lute.
Type: Lute > Chordophones.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 321.321.5
Country: Many > England, France > Germany E.T.C.
Region: West Europe & Continental Europe.
Description: The European lute and the modern Near-Eastern oud descended from a common ancestor through diverging evolutionary paths. The lute is used in a great variety of instrumental music from the Medieval to the late Baroque eras and was the most important instrument for secular music in the Renaissance.
Renascence Lute ~ Baroque Era 16th-17th centuries; The lute was used as one of the instruments which played the basso continuo accompaniment parts. It is also an accompanying instrument in vocal works. The lute player either improvises (“realizes”) a chordal accompaniment based on the figured bass part.
The Lutenist may often play a written-out accompaniment [both music notation and tablature [“tab”] are used for lute. As a small instrument, the lute produces a relatively quiet sound. The player of a lute is called a lutenist, lutanist or lutist, and a maker of lutes (or any similar string instrument, or violin family instruments is referred to as a luthier.
The usage of Pitch Range in in the practice of tuning Baroque Lutes by modern lutenists ranging from A = 392 to 470 Hz, depending on the type of instrument they are playing. Currently, no attempt at a universal pitch standard existed during the period of the lute’s historical popularity. The standards varied over time and from place to place.
|Baroque Lute Tunings|
|6 Course||G/G C/c FF AA dd g|
|8 Course||D’ / D F / F G’ / G C / c F / F A / A / d / d / g|
|10 Course||D’ / D / E♭’E♭/ F’ / F / G’G / Cc / FF / AA / dd / (g)|
|Sylvius Leopold Weiss|
Citations: https://www.lutesociety.org/pages/english-renaissance-lute-music / https://www.lutesociety.org/pages/lute-tuning