Type: Fretless Lute > Chordophone.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 321.322.6
Region: South Asia.
Description: The sarod or sarode [in Hindi: सरोद, সরোদ] is a stringed instrument used mainly in Hindustani music. Along with the sitar, it is among the most popular and prominent instruments. The sarod is known for a deep, weighty, introspective sound, in contrast with the sweet, overtone-rich texture of the sitar.
With additional sympathetic strings that give it a resonant, reverberant quality. It is a fretless instrument able to produce the continuous slides between notes known as meend [glissandi], which are important in Indian music.
Origins: From an organological perspective the sarode is a descendant of the Afghani rebab its closest 19th century relative the sursingar a similar instrument although much larger in size.