Type: Bowed > Chordophones.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 321.313.7
Country: Kazakhstan & Turkestan (Xinjiang China).
Description: The Qobyz [in Kazakh Cyrillic: қобыз] or qıl-qobız.
Origins: The origins of this instrument are ancient. Traditionally they [Qobuz] were sacred instruments, owned by shamans and bakses (traditional spiritual medics). According to legends, the qobyz and its music could banish evil spirits, sicknesses and death.
Development: In the Soviet Republic of Kazakhstan, during the 1930’s. Development of the Qopuz occurred in a form some what resembling a violin. In construction, appearance range and tuning. Four metal strings were added.