Type: Hybrid Lute > Chordophones.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 321.322.6
Tuning: G D A E.
Country: United States of America.
Region: North America.
Description: The banjo-mandolin, mandolin-banjo or banjolin is a hybrid instrument, combining a banjo body with the neck and tuning of a mandolin or violin depending whether the the instrument is fretted or fretless. It has been independently invented in more than one country, being called banjolin and banjourine in English speaking countries, banjoline and bandoline in France, and the Cümbüş in Turkey.
Origins: Inventors were experimenting to create amplified instruments in the days before electric amplification. The first patent for a mandolin-banjo was taken out in 1882 by Benjamin Bradbury of Brooklyn NY. The name banjolin was first patented by John Farris in 1885. This instrument became quite popular in the 1920s in tow with the tenor banjo. During the late 19-20th centuries all sorts of instruments were produced.