Type: Lute > Chordophones.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 321.322.6
Country: Venezuela & Colombia.
Region: South America.
Description: The bandola is a pair-shaped lute that is found in Venezuela & Colombia, this instrument is related to the bandurria and mandolin.
Bandola llanera: Traditionally with only seven frets and four nylon or gut strings. Venezuelan musicians Saúl Vera and Moisés Torrealba have used larger 10 and 14-fret versions, respectively.
Bandola Andina Colombiana: This instrument has six courses of strings in several different arrangements. It may have 12 strings in doubled courses, 14 strings with the first two courses tripled and the rest doubled, 16 strings with the first four courses tripled and the last two doubled, or 18 strings in triple courses. The instrument strongly resembles its ancestor, the Spanish bandurria. This instrument resembles the Mexican bandolón.
Bandola Oriental: like the bandola llanera but with a deeper body and four double courses with eight strings in all, with both nylon and metal strings. This particular bandola is tuned to the GG, DD, aa, ee.
Bandola Guayanesa: played in Venezuela’s Guayana Region, with eight metal strings, paired in four courses. The instrument combines techniques of the oriental and llanera bandolas.
Bandola Andina or Bandola Aymara: These bandola have 4 courses of triple, or sometimes quadruple strings.