Type: Bowed > Fretted > Chordophone.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 321.312.7
Inventor: Guru Harbodind Ji [b. 1595 d. 1644].
Region: South Asia.
Description: The Taus is a bowed string instrument from the north Indian region of Punjab. The taus was the work of Sri Guru Hargobind Ji (the sixth Guru of the Sikhs). From this instrument originates the lighter Dilruba.
Construction: It has a body in the shape of a peacock (‘Taus’ is a Persian word meaning peacock) and a neck with 20 heavy metal frets. The construction of currently available taus are modelled after the dilruba and esraj. This neck holds on a long wooden rack 28-30 strings and the instrument is played with a bow. This instrument projects a sound with a deeper, fuller tone.