Type: Chordophones > Lutes.
Hornbostel Sachs No#: 321.312.6
Region: South Europe & Mediterranean.
Specimen: 1 in collection.
Luthier: Manolis Paraskeyas.
Acquisition Source: Paul Kikuris, Bouzouki.org
Description: Bouzouki [in Greek: μπουζούκι pronounced in IPA: buˈzuci] plural bouzoukia in Greek; μπουζούκια]. Originally introduced into Greece during the 1900’s, by Greek Immigrants from Asia Minor. Outside of Rebetika, the bouzouki enjoys popularity in Irish music since the 1960s Irish folk revival.
Tunings: The bouzouki is played with a plectrum, it has a clean, sharp metallic tone. There are two types of bouzouki; the trikordia being a 3 course 6 stringed lute that is tuned not unlike a saz D / A / D or D / G / D or tetrakordia; being an 4 course 8 stringed instrument. The trikordia is the original form of bouzouki. The tuning most commonly used as a standard is a reentrant C / F / A / D tuning that is measured a whole tone below D / G / B / E the four bottom strings of a guitar.
|Trikordia||3 course / 6 string||D A D|
|Trikordia||3 course / 6 string||D G D|
|Trikordia||3 course / 6 string||D A E|
|Tetrakordia||4 course / 8 string||C G A D|
|Tetrakordia||4 course / 8 string||A D A D|
|Tetrakordia||4 course / 8 string||G D G D|
Citations: Bibliography: Songs Of The Greek Underworld by Elias Petrapoulas, The Rebetika Tradition. Translated from Greek by Ed Emery ISBN 0 86356 368 6 Saqi Books, 26 Westbourne Grove London W2 5RH ;