Name: Baglama.
Type: Chordophones > Lutes.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 321.321.5/6
Country: Turkey, Azerbaijan & Armenia.
Region: Middle East & Caucasus.

Description: the baglama [in Turkish: bağlama], whose name originates from bağlamak “to tie” it is a stringed instrument of the lute family. This lute is played in Ottoman classical music, Turkish folk music, Iranian music, Azerbaijani music, Kurdish music, Assyrian music, Armenian music, parts of Syria, Iraq and balkan countries.

The  baglama is the most commonly played stringed folk instrument in Turkey, the baglama has seven strings divided into courses o two, two and three. It can be tuned in numerous ways and takes names according to region and size of musical instrument: baglama, divan sazi, bozuk, Çöğür, Kopuz Irızva, Cura, Tambura.

Baglama Family
Name Pitch / Freq. Length
Cura D / 586 Hz 30 cm
Tambura D / 293 Hz
Baglama A / 220 Hz 55 cm
Bozuk Saz G
Meyden Sazi A / 110 Hz 70 cm
Aşik Sazı
Divan Sazı D / 146 Hz 65 cm
Bas Sazı


Baglama Tunings
Name Tuning
Bağlama düzeni A G D
Bozuk düzen / kara düzen G D A
Misket düzeni F# D A
Fa müstezat düzeni F D A
Abdal düzeni A A G
Zurna düzeni D D A
Do müstezat düzeni G C A
Aşık düzeni A D E


Citations: Bibliography: Scheherezade Qassim Hassan; Morris, R. Conway; Baily, John; During, Jean [2001] Sadie, Stanley; Tyrrell, John [eds.]. The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians. xxv [2 ed.]. London: Macmillan. pp. 61–62 ; Yalçın Tura, “Türk Musikisinin Mes’eleleri”. İstanbul, Pan Yayıncılık, 1988, ISBN 975-7652-02-4. See page 159 ; Zhudki, Aleh “O. ÖZTÜRK: FROM SEVENTEEN TO TWENTY-FOUR: INSTRUMENTS OF BAĞLAMA FAMILY AND TRADITIONAL TONE SYSTEM”. Retrieved 2 April 2018 ;


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