Type: Chordophones > Lutes.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 321.312.5
Country: Western Mongolia, Altai & Tuva in Russian Federation.
Region: Far East Asia.
Description: The topshur [топшур] is a two-stringed lute played by the Western Mongolian tribes called the Altai Urianghais, the Altais, and the Tuvans. The music played on the topshur is closely tied to the folklore of Western Mongolian people and accompanied the performances of storytellers, singing and dancing. According to descriptions given by Marco Polo; the Mongols also played the instrument before going into battle.
Citations: Bibliography: Krader, Lawrence 1996 “Altaian” Encyclopedia of World Cultures ~ Macmillan Reference USA ; Pegg, Carole 2014 ; “Inner Asia” Grove Music Online ~ Oxford University Press ; Pegg Carroll 2014 “Topshuur” ~ Grove Music Online. Oxford University Press ;