Name: Dan Tinh.
Type: Chordophones > Lutes.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 321.322.6
Region: South East Asia.
Description: The đàn tính or tính tẩu [gourd lute], is a stringed musical instrument played by the Tay people of Lạng Sơn Province in Vietnam. Although “tinh tau” originated as a Tay word, both names are used in Vietnamese. The dan tinh is used by shamans in séances in the hope that it will be animated by spirits.
The instrument has two individual nylon strings. They are strung over a bridge, two friction tuning pegs are installed at the left and right sides of the head stock. The body is often cut from a gourd where a sound table is affixed to the top of the gourd, completing the resonator. The strings used were originally of silk although nylon fishing line is often used.
Citations: Bibliography: Trȧn Quang Hai – Stanley Sadie – New Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments Vol. 1 Book A to F, page 544 ; Maurice Abadie, Walter E. J. Tips – Minorities of the Sino-Vietnamese borderland, 2001. “In reality the Tho [Tay] produce a distinct stringed musical instrument called a tinh tau in Tay and dan tinh in Vietnamese of a type also used by the Thai Khao. the Tay version having one string and the Tai Khao version two strings.” ;