Type: Chordophones > Lutes > Citole.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 321.322.6
Region: South Europe & Mediterranean.
Description: The Corsican cetera having 16 or sometimes 18 strings in paired courses. It is very similar to the cittern in appearance, tuning and sound. Suggesting that they are likely related. The cetera is plucked with a plectrum made of horn or tortoiseshell. The Italian term also occurs in historical sources and usually interpreted to indicate a musical instrument of the cittern family.
The current cetera as played in Corsica was revived during the 1970s encouraged by the result from Felix Quilici’s searches in ethnomusicology. The practice of playing the instrument is now taught at the Phonothèque of the Musée de la Corse at the Anthropology Museum of Corsica in Corti.