Name: Dàn lục huyền cầm.
Type: Chordophones > Composite > Lutes > Guitars.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 321.322.6
Region: South East Asia.
Description: The đàn lục huyền cầm [literal translation “lute with six strings”], or colloquially đàn ghi-ta phím lõm [literal translation ghi-ta “guitar”, + phím “fret”, + lõm “sunken”]. This musical instrument Vietnamese adaptation of the French guitar. The guitar, or ghi-ta, was adopted by Vietnamese musicians during the 19th Century. This form of guitar is commonly used in cải lương or “Southern Reformed Theater.
Features: The scalloped neck was adapted to this guitar allowing for greater flexibility in note bending, vibrato and grace notes, important features in Vong Co.
Playing: Techniques: Having a scalloped finger board allowing for greater access and flexibility in note bending. A feature in Vong Co music.
Citations: Bibliography: Adelaida Reyes Songs of the Caged, Songs of the Free: Music and the Vietnamese Refugee Experience 1999 Page 186 “This “doctoring” involves carving the fingerboard deeper between the frets, making the fingerboard look scalloped. … Also called lục huyền cầm [literally, guitar; see Jones-Bamman 1991:73-75] or Vietnamese guitar, the instrument has six strings.” ; The Garland handbook of Southeast Asian music – Page 262 Terry E. Miller, Sean Williams 2008 “Lục huyền cầm “six-stringed instrument” and dan ghi-ta are Vietnamese terms for the Western guitar, used in traditional …” ; Cải lương is also called Southern Reformed Theater [Nguyen and Campbell 1990:28; Pham Duy 1975:112] ;