Name: Serunai.
Type: Single Reed > Aerophone.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 422.112
Country: Indonesia, Malaysia and Vietnam.
Region: South East Asia.

Description: The serunai is a double reed aerophone, in the form of a shawm [oboe]. That is played among the Minangkabau tribe in West Sumatra. This instrument is usually played in traditional events such as the ritual “batagak panghulu”. In addition, this instrument is played in the spare time when people go to the rice field.

Construction: The serunai is a wind musical instrument made of three pieces of wood or hollow bamboo with different sizes. A small reed called a puput [pupuik] is cut from rice-stalk about 8 cm in length. The reed is cut with a U shaped slit into the stalk. The main playing tube is generally 23 cm in length although size may vary. Larger sized instruments have four or more holes.

A wooden or metal ring holds the two conically bored pipes vertically fitting into each other. The flare or bell is carved from a wood or buffalo horn. The three components, reed, playing tube and flare are assembled near the end of completing the serunai.

Citations: Website articles ; Serunai Article by <a href=”″></a> by Margaret J. Kartomi, Lyn Moore, Nguyen Thuyet Phong and Jack Percival Baker Dobbs <a href=” minangkabau/”></a> [Serunai Article].

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