Type: Free Reed > Aerophones.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 412.132
Country: Yunnan China & Golden Triangle area, Thailand.
Region: South East Asia.
Specimen: 1 in collection.
Acquisition Source: Randy Raine-Reusch @ asza.com.
Description: The naw is a free reed aerophone found in Southern China primariy in Yunnan and the neighbouring Golden Triangle area. The naw is played by a number of the “Hill tribes” or people indigenous to this region. This includes the Yi, Lahu and Lisu peoples. The name Hulusheng is the Mandarin Chinese name for this type of gourd musical instrument. It is perhaps the one of the oldest members of the sheng family.
There are two types of naw / hulusheng found in the region: the raft type where the pipes are arranged in two rows, like the Vietnamese mbuat, and the bundle type where the pipes are arranged in a circle like the naw.
Usage: The naw is played by a number of the “Hill tribes” or minority peoples of the region, including the Yi, Lahu and Lisu peoples. The naw has five pipes grouped in a circular cluster, whose open ends appear flush with the bottom of the gourd wind chamber. This allows the musician to “bend” the notes by slowly covering the ends of the pipes with the right thumb while playing.
Playing Techniques: The technique for playing this instrument is difficult. The resulting music is very lively and quite loud, in spite of the bamboo reeds. Traditionally this instrument also played a coded language, which was used for unmarried people to converse with.
Citations: Bibliography: Websites: Randy Raine-Reusch @ asza.com [naw article]