Type: Open-Ended Flute > Aerophones.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 421.111.12
Region: Eastern Europe.
Description: The frilka (in Ukrainian: Фрілка) an open ended flute that is played in a similar manner to a kaval. The frilka is a smaller version of the floyarka. It was often played at funerals in the Carpathian mountains. Shepherds were also able to accompany themselves with guttural humming which produced an ostinato tone or drone.
Construction: It is a pipe of approximately a 20 cm (8 inches) in length. One end is sharpened and the breath is broken against one of the sides of the tube at the playing end. Six holes (now often 10) in groups of three are burnt out in the center of the instrument.
Citations: Humeniuk, A. Ukrainski narodni muzychni instrumenty – Kiev: Naukova dumka, 1967 Mizynec, V. – Ukrainian Folk Instruments – Melbourne: Bayda books, 1984
Cherkasky, L. – Ukrainski narodni muzychni instrumenty Tekhnika, Kiev, Ukraine, 2003 – 262 pages. ISBN 966-575-111-5