Name: Dvoyanka.
Type: Fipple Duct Flute > Aerophones.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 421.211.12
Country: Bulgaria.
Region: Balkans & South East Europe.

Description: The Bulgarian dvoyanka is a double flute made of a single piece of wood, with six sound holes on one side. It is most frequently made of ash-wood, plum tree, pear tree, cornel or boxwood. The tune is played on the right pipe, while the left pipe provides a drone as accompaniment.

The playing structure on the right pipe is similar to that of the music played on the kaval. The dvoyanka has traditionally been an instrument favoured by shepherds. Line-dances and lively melodies are a large component of the repertoire as played on this double pipe flute.

The instrument is similar to the dvojnice, an instrument typical for the regions of Central and Western Serbia and Serbian regions across the river Drina and in neighbouring Croatia. The divoyanka is made and played somewhat differently. It is also similar The dvoyanka is a double pipe (gaida), which has a form of a rectangular prism or which is more rarely is composed form two parallel cylindrical tubes. It has a length from 30 to 40 cm.


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