Type: Aerophones > Reeds > Shawms.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 422.112
Region: Iberian Peninsula & Western Europe.
Description: The dulzaina [in Spanish: in IPA: dulˈθajna or dolçaina or in Catalan pronunciation: in IPA: dolˈsajna / dulˈsajnə] is a Spanish double reed instrument in the oboe family. It has a conical shape and is the equivalent of the Breton bombarde. Often replaced by an oboe or double reeded clarinet, as seen in Armenian and Ukrainian folk music.
Many varieties of the dulzaina exist in Spain. In the Valencian Community it is known as a dolçaina or xirimita and is accompanied by a drum called the tabalet. The Catalan variety of the dulzaina is called a gralla, and the Basque variety is called a bolin-gozo. The term dolçaina was introduced into Catalan in the 14th century from France [the ancient word was “douçaine”].