Type: Aerophones > Open-Ended > Flutes.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 421.111.12
Region: Eastern Europe.
Description: The frilka [in Ukrainian: Фрілка frilka] it is an open ended flute that is played in a similar manner to a kaval. The frilka is a smaller version of the floyarka. It was often played at funerals in the Carpathian mountains. Shepherds were also able to accompany themselves with guttural humming which produced an ostinato tone or drone.
Construction: It is a pipe of approximately a 20 cm [8 inches] in length. One end is sharpened and the breath is broken against one of the sides of the tube at the playing end. Six finger-holes now often 10 in groups of three are burnt out in the center of the instrument.
Citations: Bibliography: [in Ukrainian] Гуменюк, А. Українські народні музичні інструменти – Київ: Наукова думка, 1967 Мізинець, V; Українські народні інструменти – Мельбурн: книги Байди, 1984; Cherkasky, L; – Українські народні музичні інструменти Техніка, Київ, Україна, 2003 – 262 с. ISBN 966-575-111-5 ; [in English] Gumenyuk, A. Ukrainian folk musical instruments – Kyiv: Naukova dumka, 1967 Miinets, V; Ukrainian Folk Instruments – Melbourne: Baiedy’s Book, 1984; Cherkasky, L; – Ukrainian folk musical instruments Technique, Kyiv, Ukraine, 2003 – 262 p. ISBN 966-575-111-5 ;