Type: Aerophones > Flutes > Open-Ended.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 421.111.12
Region: Eastern Europe.
Description: The floyara [in Ukrainian: Флояра pronounced “floy-arka”]. It is open ended notched flute that is approximately a metre in length. The top end is bevelled, much like the Greek Flogera or Kaval. The floyara was often played at funerals in the Carpathian mountains. The floyarka is often called a frilka or sometimes zubivka in central Ukraine.
Playing Techniques: Shepherds were also able to accompany themselves with guttural humming which produced an ostinato tone or drone.
Construction: The floyarka is a smaller version of the floyara and is similar in length to the frilka. The floyara is approximately 60 cm [24 in] in length. The mouthpiece is bevelled in the same manner as the flogera or kaval. Six finger holes are drilled into the flute and spaced according to pitch.
Citations: Bibliography: Гуменюк, А. Українські народні музичні інструменти – Київ: Наукова думка, 1967 ; Humeniuk, A. Ukrainski narodni muzychni instrumenty – Kiev: Naukova dumka, 1967 ; Mizynec, V. Ukrainian Folk Instruments Melbourne: Bayda books, 1984 ; Cherkasky, L. – Ukrainski Narodni Muzyczni Instrumenty // Tekhnika, Kiev, Ukraine, 2003 – 262 pages, ISBN 966-575-111-5 ;