Type: Aerophones > Flutes > Notched.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 421.111.12
Period: Edo 1603-1868.
Region: Far East Asia.
Description: The Hitoyogiri [in Japanese: ] alternate names for the hitoyogiri include, tanteki, kotake and dōsho. The name hitoyogiri “hito meaning “one”, “yo” meaning “node” and “giri” meaning “cutting”, it is the flute to which the Japanese Shakuhachi descended from. The playing of the Fuke Shakuhachi was restricted to members of the fuke sect of Zen, according to a law. As an end result the Hitoyogiri became popular during the Edo period 1603-1868 for use with in urban music.
Construction:The hitoyogiri is constructed from the same bamboo that the fuke-shakuhachi is made from. The bamboo made for the hitoyogiri are at a higher section of the stock. Only one bamboo node exists throughout the process of making the instrument. The hitoyogiri is made from a straight piece of bamboo. The hitoyogiri was made in several sizes although gradually the length became standardized to 34 cm.
Both the hitoyogiri and the fuke shakuhachi have four finger holes and a thumb hole. They are played in a vertical manner and a notch is cut at the rim. The hitoyogiri became extinct when the shakuhachi developed into its final form.
Citations: Bibliography: W. P. Malm: Japanese Music and Musical Instruments: Rutland, Vermont, 1959, 151 ; S. Kishibe: The Traditional Music of Japan, Tokyo 1966, 2 / 1981 pl. 52 ~ David W. Hughes, Stanley Sadie New Grove Dictionary Of Musical Instruments Page 224; Websites: Met Museum [Hitoyogiri article] ;