Type: Aerophones > Duct > Flutes.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 421.211.12
Country: Catalan, Spain.
Region: Iberian Peninsula & Western Europe.
Description: The flabiol [in Catalan pronunciation in IPA: fləβiˈɔl] is a Catalan woodwind musical instrument of the family known as fipple flutes. It is one of the 12 instruments of the cobla. The flabiol measures about 25 cm in length and has five or six holes on its front face and three underneath.
Varieties: The two main types are the dry flabiol without keys, usually made of a hardwood such as bubinga and the keyed flabiol used in coblas for sardana dances and in other folk music ensembles. The flabiol is normally played by the left hand while the player uses the right hand to beat a small drum [called tamborí] attached to the left elbow. All sardanes played by a cobla begin with a short introduction [introit] from the flabiol which is terminated by a single tap of the tamborí.
Its traditional geographic zone extends from the south of Catalonia to the Roussillon area of France, and from the Eastern strip of Aragon to the Balearic islands, where it is used as solo instrument with its own melodies. Apart from being in the cobla for the performance of sardanes, the flabiol is also found in the reduced version of the cobla known as cobla of three quarters formed of one tarota or tible, a flabiol and a sac de gemecs [bagpipes].
Citations: Bibliography: Jeremy Montagu, Was the Tabor Pipe Always as We Know It?, in Early Music, Vol 9, No. 1. p 141 ; Simon Broughton, Mark Ellingham, Richard Trillo, World Music: The Rough Guide, Vol 1, p 108 ; Walter Aaron Clark, Isaac Albéniz: Portrait of a Romantic, Oxford University Press, 2002 p 197 ;