Type: Lute > Chordophones.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 321.322.6
Region: Far East Asia.
Description: The gottan [in Japanese: ごったん gottan] also known as the hako [“box”] or ita [“board”]. It is a traditional Japanese three-stringed plucked instrument, that is found in Kagoshima prefecture and in other parts of southern Kyushu, namely such as Akira, Kokubu, Fukuyama, Keizaibu, Miyakonojo. It is also used the Satsuma region as a musical instrument of the common people. It is considered a relative or derivative of the sanshin as this instrument derived from the sanxian.
History: After being imported from China to Satsuma, it has achieved its own evolution in South Kyushu and has taken root as an accompaniment instrument of the Nembutsu religious beliefs, and has been transmitted to the present as a traditional instrument of South Kyushu.
Repertoire: The gottans musical repertoire is often light and cheerful, including many folk songs. Like the shamisen, it was used for door-to-door musical busking, known as kadozuke.
Citations: Bibliography: Henry Mabley Johnson 2010 – The Shamisen: Tradition and Diversity Brill The Shamisen: Tradition and Diversity. Brill. ISBN 978-90-04-18137-3. Experimental Musical Instruments. Experimental Musical Instruments. 1993. p. 35. Hugh De Ferranti ; The last biwa singer: a blind musician in history, imagination and performance. East Asia Program, Cornell University. p. 38. ISBN 978-1-933947-13-6 ;