Type: Concussion > Sticks > Idiophones.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 111.11
Region: South Asia.
Description: Danda are a pair of concussion sticks found throughout North India. This instrument can be comprised of a pair of bamboo, wood, lathe-turned wood, plain or ornamental with or without jingles. Common names throughout North India include and, Danda, Dandi and Car. All of the listed names share the same meaning “stick”. The equivalent South Indian terms include Kollu, Karra [katta]. The Li-keli of Sri Lanka is a related instrument.
The danda of Madhya Pradesh, in Central India are about 60 cm in length they are played by the Indigenous peoples for the Sailā dance. While those adjacent in Bihar appear to play the sticks with pellet-bells as clappers in one hand. The dando of Sindh, Pakistan is a single stick rattle. South Asian percussion or stamping sticks include the tippani of Gujarat and the gedi of Madhya Pradesh.
Citations: Bibliography: K. S. Kothari: Indian Folk Musical Instruments [New Dheli, 1968]; B. C. Deva: Musical Instruments of India [Calcutta, 1978] ;