Tag Archives: Jawharps

Jawharps

Röding

Name: Röding.
Type: Idiophones > Lamellophones > Jawharps > Idioglot > Tension >
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 121.212
Area: Kon Tum Province.
Country: Vietnam.
Region: South East Asia.

Description: The röding is an idioglot jawharp that is played by the Jarai people who reside in the Kon Tum province of Vietnam.

Etymology: The name of the instrument varies according to ethnic group. It is known as röding among the Jarai people, toungamong the Koho and Maa, then among the Bahnar, guat among the Rắc lây, hoen toong among the Thai.

Construction:

Citations: Bibliography: Websites:

Rangoyd

Name: Rangoyd.
Type: Idiophones > Lamellophones > Jawharps > Idioglot > Tension >
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 121.212
Area: Peninsular Malaysia.
Country: Malaysia.
Region: South East Asia.

Description: The Rangoyd is an idioglot jawharp that is played by the Lanoh people of Peninsular Malaysia. Analagous to the related jawharp, the rangun of the Jahai people in Vietnam. As such this instrument is used in addressing the forest spirits.

Construction: The Rangoyd is made from the midrib of a palm leaf and played by pulling a short length of rattan string attached to the end of the instrument.

Citations: Bibliography: Websites: Oxfordmuseumonline / Rangoyd article by Trân Quang Hai, revised by Patricia Matusky ;

Knobe Oh

Name: Knobe Oh.
Type: Idiophones > Lamellophones > Jawharps > Idioglot > Tension >
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 121.212
Area: Babotin, Belu Regency, Timor.
Country: Timor Leste.
Region: South East Asia.

Description: The Dawan people call the Knobe Oh [knobe meaning “mouth harp” and oh means “bamboo”]. This instrument belongs to the family of jawharps called “tension harps, or tension jawharps”. It is related to the gengga lawe from West Sulawesi and the genggong of Bali and Lombok.

Construction: The instrument is a strip of bamboo out of which as been carved a “tongue” [Mamana in the Dawan language] which is set to vibration by a a string [tani] pulled firmly to the side.

Citations: Bibliography: Websites: Palmer Keen / Aurelarchipelago.com / knobe oh ~ YouTube /

Geruding

Name: Geruding.
Type: Idiophones > Lamellophones > Jawharps > Idioglot > Tension >
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 121.212
Area: Sarawak, Borneo & Kalimantan
Country: Malaysia & Indonesia.
Region: Far East Asia.

Description: The geruding is an idioglot jawharp that is played by the Iban people of Sarawak, Malaysia. The  northwest of the island of Borneo, and of Kalimantan, the Indonesian province the takes up two thirds of the island of Borneo. Gerudeng are no longer played in Sarawak, and it is unlikely that they are actively played in Kalimantan. Most geruding are made from palm stalk, but one aluminum example was found.

Playing Technqiues: Geruding are tension jawharps, activated by sharp tugs on the string, and the only tension harps found on the island of Borneo. Geruding were originally played as courting instruments. But as most Iban have been converted to Christianity, all the traditional courting rituals have been eradicated.

Citations: Bibliography: Websites: Asza / Gerudeng /