Type: Chordophones > Lutes.
Hornbostel Sachs No#: 321.321.6
Scale Length: mm.
Region: Western Asia.
Citations: Bibliography: Websites:
Type: Chordophones > Lutes > Bowed.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 321.321.7
Scale Length: in mm.
Description: The Apkhyarta [Ap’hyarsta] is a bowed long necked lute having one or two strings from Abkhazia. Has a spindle narrow-shaped frame and it is played with a bow. The Apkhyarta is usually carved from alder wood.
Type: Chordophones > Composites > Lutes.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 321.321.5
Region: South Asia.
Description: The arbajo is a type of Nepali plucked lute, long-necked and four stringed, now described as largely extinct and superseded by the smaller sarinda bowed Nepali sarangi. Some of the few musicians still playing the arbajo are of the Gaine caste, in Lamjung District and Kaski District of western Nepal.
Citations: Bibliography: Carol Tingey, December 1994 – Auspicious music in a changing society: the Dāmai musicians of Nepal. Heritage Publishers ISBN 978-81-7026-193-3 – Retrieved 24 March 2012 [Helffer 1977:51] ; Websites: