Tag Archives: Clappers



Name: Khartal.
Type: Idiophones > Percussion > Clappers >
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 111.11
Country: India.
Region: South Asia.

Description: The term khartal generally denotes wooden clappers, with or without jingles [the jingles maybe discs of bronze, pellet bells or both]. Khartal can be defined as a pair of wooden or bamboo clappers, held two in each hand. In Sanskrit works the khartal is described as [in Sanskrit; kamrā ].

Other wooden clappers include the catkulā of Madhya Pradesh, the kāṭhi of Orissa, the rāigiḍgiḍī of Rajasthan and the ḍaṇḍā of Bihar; the c̣imṭā of South Asia and the ṭokā of Assam are analogous, sprung clappers [tongs].

In Tamil Nadu kartāḷa denotes flat, round or oblong, wooden bats, with handles held between the fingers of one hand, which are struck together; these are called cekkai [Tamil] for the oblong type or cekkalu [Telugu] for the circular type with handles found in Andhra.

Citations: Bibliography: Websites: Oxfordmuseumonline.com / Khartal article by Alastair Dick ;


Name: Chimta.
Type: Idiophones > Percussion > Clappers >
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 111.11
Area: Punjab State.
Country: India.
Region: South Asia.

Description: The chimta [in Punjabi: ਚਿਮਟਾ cimaṭā ; in Shahmukhī: چمٹا lit. translation “tongs”]. The literal translation of the name chimta translates as “tongs”. This instrument is often used in popular Punjabi folk songs, Bhangra music and the Sikh religious music known as Gurbani Kirtan.

Playing Technique: The player of the chimta is able to produce a chiming sound if he holds the joint of the instrument in one hand and strikes the two sides of the chimta together. The jingles are made of metal and thus it produces a metallic sound and helps to keep up the beat of the song. In Bhangra music or at weddings the chimta is often played in combination with Dhol and Bhangra dancers.

Construction: The chimta consists of a long, flat piece of steel or iron that is pointed at both ends; and folded over in the middle. A metal ring is pointed at both ends, and folded over in the middle. A mettle ring is attached near the fold. There are jingles or rings attached along the sides at regular intervals.

Sometimes chimta may have up too seven pairs of jingles. The rings are plucked in a downward motion to produce tinkling sounds. Chimtas with large rings are used at rural festivals while ones with smaller rings are often used as an accompaniment to Bhangra dancers and singers of traditional Indian hymns.

Citations: Bibliography: Websites: