Tag Archives: Bossed


Name: Cing.
Type: Idiophones > Percussion > Gongs > Bossed >
Hornbostel Sachs No#: 111.241.1 bell gong.
Area: Highlands.
Country: Vietnam.
Region: South East Asia.

Description: The cing is a large bossed or flat gong of the central highlands of Vietnam. Among the Mnong people cing designates an ensemble of flat gongs. Normally comprising six instruments of different sizes: cing mei, cing rnuul, cing ndöt, cing lua, cing thöö, and cing thêe.

Playing Techniques: The instrument is held by the left hand and struck with the right, the left hand being open towards the inside of the gong. Moving the palm of the hand in or out changes the loudness.

Construction: It consists of a metal disc surrounded by a small cord.

Citation: Bibliography: Websites:


Name: Agung.
Type: Idiophones > Percussion > Gongs > Suspended > Bossed >
Hornbostel Sachs No#: 111.241.2 sets of gongs.
Area: Palawan, Panay, Mindoro, Mindanao, Sabah, Sulawesi, Sarawak and Kalimantan.
Country: Philippines, Malaysia & Indonesia.
Region: South East Asia.

Description: The agung [ageng, agong, egong, egung, gong] is a suspended bossed gong that is played in the southern most regions of the Philippines including, Mindanao, Sulu, Palawan, Mindoro. The agung are also played in near by Sarawak, Sabah, Brunei, peninsular Malaysia, Kalimantan and throughout other regions in Indonesia.

Among several cultural groups in insular South-east Asia instruments of the agung type are important in rituals of possession. The Magindanaon people of Mindanao and the Modang of east Kalimantan use it in curing ceremonies, and in Palawan island it is played in wine-drinking rituals. The Iban of Sarawak play the agung at feasts [gawai] related to rice cultivation, at weddings, at the making of a new house and in curing the sick. In east Kalimantan the gong is a semi-sacred object and a symbol of honour and prestige.

There are various sizes. Larger gongs measure approximately 60 cm in diameter, with a boss about 8 cm high and a rim about 24 cm wide. The degree to which the rim is turned in also varies, as do the instrument’s profile, weight and thickness. The smallest agung are those of the Tiruray people of Mindanao; they have a diameter of about 27 cm and rims about 4 cm wide.

Citations: Bibliography: Websites: Oxfordmusiconline.com / Agung article by José Maceda ;