The xylophone [from the Greek words ξύλον—xylon “wood” and φωνή—phōnē meaning “sound or voice” or “wooden sound”. It is a musical instrument of the percussion family consisting the use of wooden or metal bars struck by mallets to produce the sound. Each bar is regarded as its own Idiophones as sound vibrates from the entire bar when struck.

In theory almost any scale can be used in tuning a xylophone, although most ranges include pentatonic [five note] and heptatonic [seven note] scales such as the Burmese Patalla is tuned something not all that dissimilar to a diatonic scale. Xylophones are widely played by many cultures in Africa [balofon, marimba] and they are found in South East Asia [patalla]. In many Western countries diatonic and chromatic instruments are found. They are made available as children’s toys or orchestral use.