Type: Chordophones > Simple > Zither > Tube.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 312.11
Region: South East Asia.
Description: The karaniing or Kare among the Temiar and Senoi people or pergram among the Jah Hut People. It is a tube zither played among the Orang Asli people of Malaysia.
The pergram variant is made with four strings [in two pairs] cut from the bamboo itself, making this instrument an idiochord. The strings are tuned in intervals of a minor third and often played for ceremonial purposes.
A variant zither called the krem is also played by the Jah Hut people, but is heterochord [strings made of a separate material] vice idiochord. Though the term krem may also be used for the karaniing by the Senoi.
Citations: Bibliography: The Music of Malaysia ~ Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. pp. 298 ISBN 978-0-7546-0831-8 ; Websites ;