321.1 Bow lutes – Each string has its own flexible carrier.
321.2 Yoke lutes or lyres – The strings are attached to a yoke which lies in the same plane as the sound-table and consists of two arms and a cross-bar.
321.21 Bowl lyres.
321.22 Box lyres.
321.23 Tube lyres.
321.3 Handle lutes – The string bearer is a plain handle.
321.31 Spike lutes.
321.311 Spike bowl lutes.
321.312 Spike box lutes.
321.313 Spike tube lutes.
321.32 Necked lutes
321.321 Necked bowl lute – Mandolin, Balalaika, etc.
321.322 Necked box lutes – Guitar, Violin, etc.
321.323 Necked tube lutes.
Sape Kayan @ Photographed by Graeme Gibson, Horniman Museum, London UK, 2019
Illustration of the treatise “Musica Getutsch”, by Sebastian Virdung, 1511, Germany, showing the instruments of the lute family, being the gittern, lute and viola de arco ;
Lounès Matoub Thaourit Moussa, holding a mandole @ Photographed in Algeria, in 1975
The “Symphony” Harp Guitar by W.J. Dyer & Bro. Dept. 85 St. Paul Minnesota, USA
Portrait of a female musician with a krapeu at the Cambodian Royal Palace, 1880
She was a musician with the Royal Cambodian Palace, in the photo she is playing a Chapei in 1880s ~ Original from 1880 book “Voyage de l’gypte l’Indochine” by photographers Hippolyte Arnoux and Emile
Venus playing the pipa ~ A female figure as the planet Venus from the painting ; Tejaprabh? Buddha and the Five Planets [熾盛光佛並五星圖]
Pipa Tang Dynasty @ by Zhang, painting on silk 897 A.D.
A woman playing a Sanxian 1800s @ Art and Architecture Collection – New York Public Library Archives ; A series of water colours
Cuatro player above the swamp, The worker’s quarter of Puerto de Tierra, San Juan, Puerto Rico ~ 8b30726a Library of Congress, The Crowley Company. Silver Nitrate film.
Cocuk Baglama 1887 @ Photographed by Graeme Gibson ~ Horniman Museum, London UK 2019
Lyre Guitar having six strings and 22 chromatic frets @ Photographed by Graeme Gibson, Horniman Museum, London, UK 2019
Cittern ~ Photographed by Graeme Gibson @ Horniman Museum, London, UK, 2019
Cuatro Venezuelano ~ Photographed by Graeme Gibson @ Horniman Museum, London UK, 2019
Theorbo @ Royal Albert Hall, Kengsington, London UK 2019
Eight string Lyre Guitar 1780 approx. Museum No 253-1882 @ Photographed by Graeme Gibson, Royal Albert Hall, Kensington, London UK
Qavaquinho @ Horniman Museum, London UK 2019
Cobza @ Photographed by Graeme Gibson ~ Horniman Museum, London UK 2019
Chikara @ Horniman Museum, London UK, 2019
Hindustani 8-string Guitar String Arrangement By Shahnawaz Ahmed Khan
Hindustani 8-String Guitar By Shahnawaz Ahmed Khan YouTube screenshot
Dan Tinh, Photographed by Graeme Gibson @ Museumofworldmusic.com
Tanbur @ Horniman Museum, London UK 2019
Shamisen @ Horniman Museum, London UK, 2019
A wood block print Illustration of a bandora from Syntagma Musicum by Micheal Praetorius – Theatrum Instrumentorum seu Sciagraphia, [in Eng;
Theater instruments, the Sketch] Wolfenbüttel, 1620 CE.
The Blind Girl Who Sang In Jiufen @ Photographed by Deng Nanguang, Circa 1960s ~ Xiamen Photography Planning Research Office.
Shamisen craftsman with a customer, c. 1909. Photo courtesy UVM Libraries’ Center for Digital Initiatives ; The University of Vermont ; Burlington, VT
Tempyo Biwa Fu – Biwa Tablature
Vassant Rai holding his modified fretless classical guitar, the application of fretless guitar in this context is suited for Sarodihya [Sarod Player] technique and use in Hindustani Classical Music.
The photograph is sursingar player from the republished book Sitar and Sarod in the 18th and 19th Centuries by Allyn Miner
Musical instrument inventor Paul Tutmarc outside his music studio at 804 Pine St, in Seattle, Washington USA
Fender Bass Guitar Patent Issued by Clarence L. Fender, Fullerton, California USA Jan, 5 1960
Mandolino © Horniman Museum, London UK 2019
Bipa, Korean adaptation of Pipa a wood block print from the musical treatise Akhak Gwebeom; Historic; Public Domain;
Theorbo @ Royal Albert Hall, Kensington, London UK 2019
The Hamburg Cithrinchen by Joachim Tielke, 1685 Photographed by Graeme Gibson @ Royal Albert Hall, Kensington, London UK 2019
Advertisement pamphlet for the Cylinder recording of the Imperial Russian Balalaika Court Orchestra
Pandit. Niranjan Haldar, with Ranjan Veena
Sape Kayan @ Photographed By Graeme Gibson, Musical Instrument Gallery ~ Horniman Museum, London UK
Yueqin @ Photographed by Graeme Gibson ; Museum Instrument Gallery ~ Horniman Museum, London UK.
Liuqin @ Photographed by Graeme Gibson @ Museumoworldmusic.com
Bhutani Dramyen ~ photographed By Graeme Gibson @ Museumoworldmusic.com