Type: Chordophones > Lutes.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 321.321.6
Region: Far East Asia.
Description: The sanxian [in Chinese: 三弦, literally “three strings”] is a Chinese lute—a three-stringed fretless plucked musical instrument.
|Size||Cm / In||Tuning|
|Small||95 cm / 37 in||A D a|
|Large||122 cm / 48 in||G D g|
Construction: It has a long fingerboard, and the body is traditionally made from snake skin stretched over a rounded rectangular resonator. It is made in several sizes for different purposes and in the late 20th century a four-stringed version was also developed.
The northern sanxian is generally larger, at about 122 cm [48 in] in length. While southern versions of the instrument are usually about 95 cm [37 in] in length.
Citations: Bibliography: Websites: