Type: Chordophones > Lutes.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 321.321.6
Region: South Asia.
Description: The sitar [In Urdu: ستار]; in Sindhi: سيٽيار; Sitar [in Punjabi: ਸਿਤਾਰ] Sitar [in Devengari: सितार Hindi, Nepali, Marathi]; in Kannada: ಸಿತಾರ್; in Malayalam: സിത്താർ; in Tami; சித்தர் ; in Sinhala: සිතාර් ; The sitar is a plucked lute from the Indian subcontinent, it is primarily used in Indian Classical Music. The sitar was invented in medieval India and flourished during the 16th and 17th centuries.
Construction: A sitar may have from 18, 20 or 21 strings. A sitar may have six or seven strings. These strings run in parallel to the curved and raised frets. The remainder are sympathetic strings ;tarb, or taarif or tarafdaar; the additional sympathetic strings run underneath the frets that are tied onto the neck. The sympathetic strings are tuned to a parent scale called a “thaat”. Each note of the thaat [parent scale] when the sitar is played, creating a timbre of resonance.