Ennanga

Name: Ennanga.
Type: Chordophones > Harps > Angled >
Hornbostel-Sachs No#:
Area:
Country: Uganda.
Region: Africa.

Description: The Ennanga is a bow harp played by the Ganda people of Uganda. Similar bow harps are found throughout Uganda accept the north east and extreme south west under various names including Soga Kimsa, Nyoro ekidongo [ekidongo li], Acholi opuk agoya and loterokuma and Lango and Labwor tum.

Construction: The necks of the Teso adeudeu, Jopadhola entongoli, and Gwere otongoli have a shallow curve, and the neck rests loosely in the soundbox, which can be a tortoise shell. All these harps have tuning pegs; the Ganda ennanga also has movable rings of banana fibre around the neck to act as brays and add a buzz to the sound.

The sound table is of mammal skin or, with some Nyoro ekidongoli and Konjo kinanga [ekihako], lizard or snakeskin. The strings pass through individual holes in the skin and are knotted through a flat wooden strip that acts as tailpiece; this is pulled tight against the soundtable by the tension of the strings.

One or two large soundholes in the skin also provide an opening for repair. Ganda, Soga, and Nyoro harps use the dense W-type lacing from the soundtable to a retaining strip of skin at the back of the soundbox, similar to that of the Uganda drum of those areas

Citations: Bibliography: Websites: Article by K. A. Gourlay – Oxfordmusiconline.com ;

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