Type: Chordophones > Composite > Lutes > Spike.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 321.321.7
Area: Barmer, Jalor, Jodhpur and Jaisalmer.
Region: South Asia.
Description: The kamaica [kamāicā, kamaicha, kamacha, kamāyachā, kamāic, kumāic or kamantsche] is only widespread in Rajasthan particularly in the Western districts of Barmer, Jalor, Jodhpur and Jaisalmer. It is played exclusively by the Manganiyar musician caste.
History: There is little to no written documentation regarding the age of the kamaica playing tradition. The oral tradition of the Manganiyar traces their origins back to Tansen, who was a court musician of the Mughal empire Akbar I in the 16th century. The kamaica is said to be old and has hardly changed since that time. Instruments such as the kamaica and Sindhi saranghi are predominantly featured in professional groups whose castes specialist in narrative singing and entertainment.
Citations: Bibliography: edited by Bruno Nettl, Alison Arnold, Ruth M. Stone, James Porter, Timothy Rice, Dale Alan Olsen, Terry E. Miller, Adrienne Lois Kaeppler, Daniel Edward Sheehy, Ellen Koskoff, Sean Williams, Jacob Wainwright Love, Chris Goertzen, Virginia Danielson, Scott Lloyd Marcus, Dwight Reynolds, Robert C. Provine, Yoshihiko Tokumaru, John Lawrence, Witzleben; The Garland Encyclopedia of World Music: South Asia: the Indian Subcontinent: PP. 345 Editor: Alison Arnold: Garland Publishing, INC – Citations: Bibliography: Websites: Kamaica / The Met Museum