Flabiol

Name: Flabiol.
Type: Aerophones > Flute > Duct.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 421.211.12
Area: Catalonia, Roussillon, Aragon & Balearic Islands.
Country: Spain & France.
Region: Western Europe & Iberian Peninsula.

Description: The flabiol [Pronunciation IPA: fləβiˈɔl]  is a member of the family of flutes called “Fipple Flutes”. This family includes instruments such as the pipe & tabor, recorder and zuffolo etc. It is one of the 12 musical instruments of the Cobla ensemble. The flabiol measures 25 cm in length and has five or six finger-holes on its front and three finger-holes underneath.

All the sardanes that are played by cobla ensembles begin with a short introduction [introit] from the flabiol which is terminated by a single tap of the tambori. The traditional geographic zone for the flabiol, extends ends from Catalonia to the Roussillon area of France and the eastern strip of Aragon to the Balearic Islands. Where it is used as a solo instrument with its own melodies.

The two main types are the dry flabiol without keys, usually made of a hardwood such as bubinga [Guibourtia]. And a keyed flabiol played in coblas for Sardinia dances and in other folk ensembles. The flabiol is played by the left land while the player uses the right hand to beat a small drum called a tambori, is attached to the left elbow.

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