Type: Aerophones > Flutes > Nose.
Hornbostel Sachs No#: 421.121.12
Region: Oceania & Pacific Islands.
Description: The dulali is a nose flute that is played in Fiji. It is known by many names, its over-all length ranges from 35 cm to 70 cm and 3 cm to 6 cm in diameter. The dulali is made of a single internode of bamboo. It is closed at both ends by the nodes, and has four to nine finger holes spaced in an equidistant manner along the length. Often three additional holes evenly spaced around the midpoint. It is probable that it functions as a vessel flute. Some examples in museums show burned-in decorations.
Fijian nose flutes are now almost obsolete. Formerly, they accompanied certain meke dances and women singing—entertainment for chiefs—and it is said that the music had the power to attract women. Music recorded in 1972 was based on a three-tone scale, but it must have been possible to play more notes. Nose flutes also existed on Tahiti, Samoa, Tonga, and other Pacific islands.
Citations: Bibliography: article by Raymond Ammann ; P. Crowe: ‘Nose Flute Music of Fiji’, Domodomo: Fiji Museum Quarterly… ; Websites: MIMO Article / Dulali ;