Name: Kong Ring.
Type: Chordophones > Zithers > Idiochords > Tube >
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 312.11
Area: Mondulkiri Province.
Region: South East Asia.
Description: The Kong Ring or Gung Treng [in Khmer: គង់រេង] is a idiochord tube zither. The Kong Ring has the same purpose as the knobbed gongs and may substitute them and accompany vocals. The Kong Ring shares close relationships with other tube zithers played in South East Asia, India, Indian Ocean and the Pacific.
Musicologists use a variety of techniques of discerning the origin of the Kong Ring. They look or clues as to its existence and relationships to tube zithers that once existed in the past and those that are currently existing. From these clues they create a history, basing their story of the instrument on the clues they have uncovered.
Existing instruments, names in different languages, methods of manufacture and playing, music theory and tonal systems all offer clues to instruments origin. Among the historical trends in the background of the bamboo tube zither, traders from India sailed east and “passed the Malay peninsula” by the 6th century B.C.
Citations: Bibliography: Websites: