Type: Chordophone > Simple > Zithers > Tube > Idiochords.
Hornbostel-Sachs No: 312.11
Area: Anajiaka Village, Anakalang District, Sumba.
Region: South East Asia.
Description: The goga is an idiochord tube zither, that is played in Anajiaka Village, Anakalang District, Central Sumba, Indonesia.
Use & Repertoire: In the hands of a skilled musician the goga is capable of playing a vast repertoire ranging from processional songs [Tandingan], dance tunes for men [Tadu Katagang] and women [Kabukang] and funeral pieces [Tau Todu, Tabung, Todu Nego]. The gogah is traditionally something of a children’s toy, an easily-made instrument played by young buffalo herders away when working in the fields.
Playing Techniques: The gogah is played by the musician gripping the instrument by a large hole carved in its middle “abs” or “mouth”. Pressing the end of the tube against his stomach. With both his hands free he is able to pluck the intricate rhythms played in local gong music. In order from top to bottom, as the notes are deliberately out of order to make certain melodies easier to play. The strings replicate the gongs kaboka, pehelung, pahimang, gaha and Katutuk.
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