Name: Dhyangro.
Type: Membranophones > Drums > Frame > Double >
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 211.32
Country: Nepal.
Region: South Asia.

Description: The dhyangro [in Nepalese: ध्यांग्रो dhyāngro] is a double-headed frame drum played by the jhakri [shamans] of Nepal. Especially shamans from the Magar, Kirati and the Tamang as well as by Tibetan Buddhist musicians.

Construction: The dhyangro maybe either single or double sided. Double sided drums are said to have a ‘male’ and ‘female’ side. The drumhead is made from animal skin stretched over a frame. It is played with a beater constructed with cane. The frame maybe equipped with jingles.

Similar to the na drum in Tibet the dhyangro does have a handle. Optionally the frame of the dhyangro maybe equipped with jingles. The carving of the wooden handle can be quite ornate, owing to Buddhist influence. The handles of some drums are fashioned into a kila.

Citations: Bibliography: Bhola nath Banstola [2008]. Breeze Wood, Nicholas [ed.]. “Jhankri: The Shamans of Nepal” [PDF]. Sacred Hoop (60). ISSN 1364-2219.  – “Images from the Beede Gallery: Frame Drum [Dhyāngro], Nepal, Early 20th Century”. National Music Museum. University of South Dakota 2010 “Visit by His Eminence the 7th Ling Rinpoche”. Than Hsiang Temple. 31 December 2009 ; Websites:

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