Type: Chordophones > Zithers > Tubes > Idiochords.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 312.11
Region: Africa & Indian Ocean.
Description: The valiha is an idiochord tube zither that is played in Madagascar. Although considered a national instrument of Madagascar. The term is used to describe a number of related zithers of differing shapes and materials. The valiha is used in ritual music for summoning and communicating with spirits.
Citations: Bibliography: dams, Rashid Epstein “The Making of a National Instrument: Imagery, Symbolism and the Social Function of the Malagasy Valiha”, Music in Art: International Journal for Music Iconography XLIII/1-2 , 141-157 Garland Encyclopedia of World Music The Concise Garland Encyclopedia of World Music. Routledge. pp. 123–. ISBN 978-1-136-09570-2. Websites: