Type: Chordophones > Lutes > Guitars > Guitarillos.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 321.322.5
Tuning: E A D Gg B E
Scale Length: mm.
Inventor: Compay Segundo.
Region: Central America.
Description: The armónico or trilina is a guitar like instrument from Cuba. The armónico was invented by Cuban trova musician Compay Segundo, who loved the instrument as it allowed him to exploit the possibilities of both the guitar and the tres. It is a hybrid between the Spanish Guitar and cuban tres. The armonico has seven strings. Five single strings, plus one pair of strings tune in unison.
Counting from the lowest-pitched, the first three strings, E, A and D, are tuned an octave higher than the equivalent strings on a guitar with standard tuning. The fourth string doubled although it is an octave higher than the guitar. The remaining two, B and E are at the same pitch as a standard guitar. Therefore, the bottom E string is only one octave lower than the top E string on the armónico, instead of two octaves lower on the guitar.
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