Type: Chordophones > Composites > Lutes > Citole.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 321.322.6
Region: North America.
Description: The cittern or cithren [Fr. cistre, It. cetra, Ger. Cister, Sp. cistro, cedra, cítola] is a stringed instrument dating from the Renaissance. Modern scholars debate its exact history, but it is generally accepted that it is descended from the Medieval citole [or cytole].
The cittern almost resembles a flat back mandolin and the modern day Irish Bouzouki. It is descended from the English guitar. Played by all classes, the cittern was a premier instrument of casual music-making much as is the guitar today.
Citations: Bibliography: Websites: